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The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant, Volume 14
February 21 - April 30, 1865
1st Edition
Edited by John Y. Simon
576 pages, 6.5 x 9.75, 9 Illus.

About the Book

On March 29, Grant opened the Ap­pomattox campaign, informing Sheridan that “I now feel like ending the matter.”


Despite pleas to cancel the offensive because of adverse weather, Grant pressed ahead. Sheridan won the battle of Five Forks on April 1, and the next day Grant overran Lee’s lines at Petersburg, forcing the evacuation of Richmond. Grant’s mastery was never more appar­ent than during his last battle. “I shall press the pursuit to the end,” he wrote to Sherman, and by April 19 Lee had to choose between capitulation or annihila­tion. With the surrender at Appomattox, Grant demonstrated his capacity for making peace as well as for waging war.


In the frantic aftermath of Lincoln’s death, Grant maintained his customary levelheadedness despite clamor for ven­geance. He hoped that in President Andrew Johnson “we will find a man dis­posed and capable of conducting the gov­ernment in its old channel.”


John Y. Simon is Director of the Ulysses S. Grant Association and Pro­fessor of History at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


David L. Wilson is Adjunct Associate Professor of His­tory at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


Lincoln Prize (2004)

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